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Dr. Choi received her DMD from SIU in 1999 and her masters in periodontics from Saint Louis University in 2002.

A periodontist specialize in the prevention, diagnosis,

and treatment of gum disease; the placement of dental implants; and treating oral inflammation.

Dr. Young Choi
Risk Factors of Gum Disease

Although the main cause is plaque, but other factors affect your gum health.

• Age: 70% of Americans 65+ have periodontitis

 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

• Smoking/Tobacco Use

• Genetics: Despite assertive oral care, some

        people may be genetically vulnerable to gum


• Stress: It may be harder for the body to repel infection if the patient is under stress.

• Certain Medications

• Clenching or Grinding Your Teeth: Puts additional

        force on supporting tissues

• Other Systemic Diseases: Diseases that affect

        the inflammatory system may worsen the

        condition of the gums.

Periodontal (Gum) Disease is a serious chronic inflammatory disorder that can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. Gum Disease originates when the bacteria in plaque causes inflammation in the gums. It affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth, as well as varying amounts of teeth surrounding the inflammation.


Gingivitis, a milder form of periodontal disease, causes the gums to be red, swollen and bleed easily, with none to little discomfort. Gingivitis can be treated at home with good oral care or through professional treatment.


Untreated gingivitis developments into periodontitis, by plaque spreading below the gum line. The body treats the chronic inflammation from the toxins, which unfortunately leads to damage and destruction to the tissues and bone. Gums start separating from teeth and form pockets which become infected.  Pockets deepen and destroy more gum tissue and bone. The damaging course has mild symptoms and eventually may lead to the removal loose teeth.


For more information, visit

The American Academy of Periodontology website: